This Day in History — 40th Anniversary of Che Guevara Capture

che-guevara-portrait-50010501.jpg40 years ago today, October 8, 1967, communist revolutionary cult figure and Fidel Castro confidant Ernesto “Che” Guevara, was captured and killed the next day by the Bolivian Army after attempts to ignite leftist revolutions in developing countries.

Che’s cult personality can perhaps best be attributed to his participation in the Cuban Revolution against the regime of Fulgencio Batista. Skilled in guerilla warfare, “Che” sailed with Castro aboard the Granma in 1956 from Mexico to Cuba, and subsequently lead revolutionaries in war through the Sierra Maestra Mountains. His role in capturing the provincial city of Santa Clara proved pivotal in demoralizing Batista’s forces allowing Castro to resume his undaunted march to Havana on January 8, 1959.

With the political future of Cuba uncertain pending the death of an ailing Castro, Anthony Boadle of Reuter’s reports that Che’s idealistic legacy is losing the 50 year old grasp it once had on the hearts and minds of Cubans.

Cubans are having a very hard time because of the economic crisis. They are no longer motivated by these ideals. Their only worry is eating three meals a day.

Meanwhile Castro impersonator Hugo Chavez and others paid tribute to their leftist Messiah.

This Day in History — Nixon Lays-Out 5 Point Plan for Indochine Peace.

vietnam5.jpgOn October 7, 1970, President Richard Nixon spoke to the nation to report his new plan for a peaceful and honorable extrication from Vietnam. Politically divided by a de-moralized war, Nixon knew that the America needed to end the War but reaffirm it’s geopolitical strength in the terms of troop withdrawal. The following is his 5 point plan excerpted from his report to Congress on February 25, 1971.

1. An internationally supervised ceasefire in place throughout Indochina, governed by principles which would make it acceptable and credible to both sides.

2. An Indochina Peace Conference.This reflected the facts that North Vietnamese forces were in Laos and Cambodia as well as Vietnam and that a stable peace in one required a stable peace in all.

3. The withdrawal of all American forces from South Vietnam on a timetable to be negotiated as part of an overall settlement. This was to make clear that we were prepared to remove all American troops.

4. A political settlement in South Vietnam bases on the political principles I had stated on April 20.
This was to reaffirm to the other side our willingness to search for a political process that would meet their concerns.

5. The immediate and unconditional release of all prisoners or war, journalists and other innocent civilian victims held by both sides. This was to underline our view that the prisoner issue was strictly humanitarian and need not await resolution of other problems.

This Day in History — Anwar Sadat Murdered by Muslim Radicals

sadat3.jpgOn October 6, 1981 Egyptian President Anwar Al-Sadat was assassinated during a victory parade by religous radicals within his own army.

Sadat maddened Islamic extremists for his talks with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and his recognition of Israel in return for the economically vital Sinai Peninsula. Sadat was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in 1978 with Begin for achieving this framework of peace at Camp David.

Also important in the course of this military disengagement was the statesmanship of Richard Nixon who initially deployed his National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger to act as a mediator between Egypt and Israel, effectively establishing the doctrine of shuttle diplomacy.

This Day in History — Earl Warren Confirmed as Supreme Court Chief Justice

earlwarren.jpgOn October 5, 1953, former California Governor and Vice Presidential Candidate Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Dwight Eisenhower and confirmed by the US Senate.

Justice Warren’s tenure was particularly significant for steering the Court progressively on social issues and making landmark decisions on civil rights cases. Some of his most notable decisions include ending legal racial segregation in Brown versus Board of Education (1954), granting Mexican-Americans the right to serve on juries in Hernandez versus Texas (1954), and requiring arresting officers to explain the rights of accused against self-incrimination in Miranda versus Arizona (1966).

In 1966, he headed the Warren Commission to investigate the events that lead to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.